Silver ironweed, west Texas cousin to native wooly ironweed


Pretty, yes? This silver-leaved lovely with buttons of purple-pink flowers, growing in 4 or 5 inches of decomposed granite with no irrigation, has an interesting back story.

In April 2012 David Salman of High Country Gardens (since closed and reopened under American Meadows’ ownership) sent me a box of plants to trial here in Austin. Included were three silver ironweed (Vernonia lindheimeri var. leucophylla), a silvery subspecies of wooly ironweed (Vernonia lindheimeri), which is native to the Edwards Plateau of west-central Texas and the Hill Country.


In High Country’s archives, although the photos are no longer loading you can read David’s description of how silver ironweed performs in his own high-desert New Mexico garden. He mentions that he acquired the seed for this subspecies from Scott and Lauren Springer Ogden, who found it growing in the “cold, arid Davis Mountains of west TX (at the northern edge of the vast Chihuahuan desert),” and said he’d been propagating it for several years.


Of my three trial plants, I put two in the back garden, in wood-mulched beds that receive the most sun (about a half day of afternoon sun), and one in the front garden, in a protected angle of a decomposed-granite path, with a few hours of morning sun and no irrigation. The two in the back garden grew straggly and thin and basically looked like weeds until they croaked. My guess is they got too much moisture, thanks to Austin’s humidity, regular summer irrigation, and organic mulch. The one in the front garden looked better at first but suffered several mishaps, including being stepped on by a visitor who mistook it for a weed and being regularly browsed by deer, even after I put a protective “cage” of bent cattle panel over it.

I did give it a drink about once every couple of weeks through that first summer, and it survived despite the deer, the careless foot, and likely a wish for more sun. I cut it back to about 6 inches around March, and then basically ignored it. The deer have so far left it alone this year, and it’s grown to about 12-15 inches tall and 10-12 inches wide. It started blooming about two weeks ago and last week was covered in purple button-like flowers.

If you enjoy these sorts of plant trials in your own garden, and if you can find silver ironweed (High Country no longer seems to be carrying it), I suggest planting it in lean, gravelly soil or decomposed granite, in full or half-day sun. Give it some protection from deer the first year to get it established. Water sparingly.

If Vernonia lindheimeri var. leucophylla proves too difficult to locate here in central Texas, try our native Vernonia instead: wooly ironweed (Vernonia lindheimeri), which Barton Springs Nursery just posted about on their Facebook page. They’re growing it at their wholesale location and now selling it in 4-inch containers. They hope to offer it in 1-gallons eventually.

Update 9/4/13: From David Salman at High Country Gardens, “an update on availability of silver ironweed (Vernonia lindheimeri var. leucophylla) through High Country Gardens; it will be available for spring 2014. I’ve got some beautiful seedlings going into our 5-inch deep pots this fall. They’ll be ready for shipping in mid-Feb. and March for TX customers. And it will be a regular in the future as I now have a good supply of seed.”

All material © 2006-2013 by Pam Penick for Digging. Unauthorized reproduction prohibited.

13 Responses

  1. Shirley says:

    A couple of good plants for our climate. I saw the post from Barton Springs and the wooly ironweed is quite striking, especially in this heat when so many plants are struggling. I haven’t seen it around San Antonio so Barton Springs Nursery might be the only place.

  2. Bob Beyer says:

    Native Ironweed is available at Barton Springs Nursery in one gallon size for $6.99. Got one this past weekend and hoping it will do well in a well drained, sunny, location.

  3. louis says:

    Beautiful! I love silver foliaged plants! They hold a special place in my heart!

  4. Scott Weber says:

    It’s gorgeous, Pam! I was always afraid I wouldn’t be able to give that variety enough sun…but am trying a green-leaved version this year (‘Souther Cross’), which looked, for most of the year, rather like an Amsonia…but is just now starting to bloom…and I’m in love. No silver leaves, but still nice :-)

  5. Debi Deason says:

    I’d like to try that in my zone 9 yard, here in the Rio Grande Valley. I’ll see if I can track some down.

  6. Gregory Thomas says:

    Thanks for this post. I have grown woly ironweed for the last several years with much success. Even though it’s in my ‘hell strip’ along the street the same plant has bloomed consistently for four or five years, basically with little more than rain and a few drinks from our garden hose. It’s a real survivor, and its unusual foliage makes it a charmer too.

  7. Gregory Thomas says:

    Oops! I meant wooly ironweed!

  8. claudia struble says:

    i was excited to see that ex-HCG will have more of these next fall since i’m not happy with where I put the three that I have. they are on the lip of a steep hill, sun til mid-afternoon. they’re doing well enough but could be better placed aesthetically. don’t think I can move them anymore.

  9. It’s Vernonia larseniae. (V. lindheimeri var. leucophylla is the old name.)
    I need this plant too.

    Good to know (though I’m sure I’ll forget). Thanks for visiting, Bob. —Pam

  10. It was originally described by Esther Larsen, prof. of botany at the Univ. of Montana, in 1928, “collected by Roxana S. Ferris and Carl D. Duncan along the Sanderson-Sheffield Road, twelve miles from Sanderson, Terrell County, Texas, July 19, 1921.”
    In 1975 it was determined that this was a species in its own right, and named for Esther Larsen, as V. larseniae.
    Saw it at DBG a few years ago and still want it.

  11. Jim Ault says:

    I’ll add that I have been able to grow and bloom this lovely plant quite successfully in a sand bed here in northern Illinois (USDA Zone 5). The flower heads are larger than those found on many of the northern ironweeds, and the foliage is unique both for how narrow the leaves are, and of course that silver color! It was poky the first year in getting established, but has been fine ever since. We shall see if it survived our minus twenty temps this winter though.